Value achievement dilemma

The value achievement dilemma is a way of framing the AI alignment problem in a larger context. This emphasizes that there might be possible solutions besides AI; and also emphasizes that such solutions must meet a high bar of potency or efficacy in order to resolve our basic dilemmas, the way that a sufficiently value-aligned and cognitively powerful AI could resolve our basic dilemmas. Or at least change the nature of the gameboard, the way that a Task AGI could take actions to prevent destruction by later AGI projects, even if is only narrowly value-aligned and cannot solve the whole problem.

The point of considering posthuman scenarios in the long run, and not just an immediate Task AGI as band-aid, can be seen in the suggestion by Eliezer Yudkowsky find a citation—CFAI? PtS? and Nick Bostrom cite Superintelligence that we can see Earth-originating intelligent life as having two possible stable states, superintelligence and extinction. If intelligent life goes extinct, especially if it drastically damages or destroys the ecosphere in the process, new intelligent life seems unlikely to arise on Earth. If Earth-originating intelligent life becomes superintelligent, it will presumably expand through the universe and stay superintelligent for as long as physically possible. Eventually, our civilization is bound to wander into one of these attractors or another.

Furthermore, by the generic preference stability argument, any sufficiently advanced cognitive agent is very likely to be stable in its motivations or meta-preference framework. So if and when life wanders into the superintelligence attractor, it will either end up in a stable state of e.g. fun-loving or the reflective equilibrium of its creators’ civilization and hence achieving lots of value, or a misaligned AI will go on maximizing paperclips forever.

Among the dilemmas we face in getting into the high-value-achieving attractor, rather than the extinction attractor or the equivalence class of paperclip maximizers, are:

  • The possibility of careless (or insufficiently cautious, or much less likely malicious) actors creating a non-value-aligned AI that undergoes an intelligence explosion.

  • The possibility of engineered superviruses destroying enough of civilization that the remaining humans go extinct without ever reaching sufficiently advanced technology.

  • Conflict between multipolar powers with nanotechnology resulting in a super-nuclear-exchange disaster that extinguishes all life.

Other positive events seem like they could potentially prompt entry into the high-value-achieving superintelligence attractor:

  • Direct creation of a fully normatively aligned Autonomous AGI agent.

  • Creation of a Task AGI powerful enough to avert the creation of other UnFriendly AI.

  • Intelligence-augmented humans (or 64-node clustered humans linked by brain-computer interface brain information exchange, etcetera) who are able and motivated to solve the AI alignment problem.

On the other hand, consider someone who proposes that “Rather than building AI, we should build Oracle AIs that just answer questions,” and who then, after further exposure to the concept of the AI-Box Experiment and cognitive uncontainability, further narrows their specification to say that an Oracle running in three layers of sandboxed simulation must output only formal proofs of given theorems in Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory, and a heavily sandboxed and provably correct verifier will look over this output proof and signal 1 if it proves the target theorem and 0 otherwise, at some fixed time to avoid timing attacks.

This doesn’t resolve the larger value achievement dilemma, because there’s no obvious thing we can do with a ZF provability oracle that solves our larger problem. There’s no plan such that it would save the world if only we could take some suspected theorems of ZF and know that some of them had formal proofs.

The thrust of considering a larger ‘value achievement dilemma’ is that while imaginable alternatives to aligned AIs exist, they must pass a double test to be our best alternative:

  • They must be genuinely easier or safer than the easiest (pivotal) form of the AI alignment problem.

  • They must be game-changers for the overall situation in which we find ourselves, opening up a clear path to victory from the newly achieved scenario.

Any strategy that does not putatively open a clear path to victory if it succeeds, doesn’t seem like a plausible policy alternative to trying to solve the AI alignment problem or to doing something else such that success leaves us a clear path to victory. Trying to solve the AI alignment problem is something intended to leave us a clear path to achieving almost all of the achievable value for the future and its astronomical stakes. Anything that doesn’t open a clear path to getting there is not an alternative solution for getting there.

For more on this point, see the page on pivotal events.

Subproblems of the larger value achievement dilemma

We can see the place of AI alignment in the larger scheme by considering its parent problem, its sibling problems, and examples of its child problems.

  • The value achievement dilemma: How does Earth-originating intelligent life achieve an acceptable proportion of its potential value?

  • The AI alignment problem: How do we create AIs such that running them produces (global) outcomes of acceptably high value?

    • The value alignment problem: How do we create AIs that want or prefer to cause events that are of high value? If we accept that we should solve the value alignment problem by creating AIs that prefer or want in particular ways, how do we do that?

    • Other properties of aligned AIs such as e.g. corrigibility: How can we create AIs such that, when we make an error in identifying value or specifying the decision system, the AI does not resist our attempts to correct what we regard as an error?

    • Oppositional features such as e.g. boxing that are intended to mitigate harm if the AI’s behavior has gone outside expected bounds.

  • The intelligence amplification problem. How can we create smarter humans, preferably without driving them insane or otherwise ending up with evil ones?

  • The value selection problem. How can we figure out what to substitute in for the metasyntactic variable ‘value’? (Answer.)

Children:

  • Moral hazards in AGI development

    “Moral hazard” is when owners of an advanced AGI give in to the temptation to do things with it that the rest of us would regard as ‘bad’, like, say, declaring themselves God-Emperor.

  • Coordinative AI development hypothetical

    What would safe AI development look like if we didn’t have to worry about anything else?

  • Pivotal event

    Which types of AIs, if they work, can do things that drastically change the nature of the further game?

  • Cosmic endowment

    The ‘cosmic endowment’ consists of all the stars that could be reached from probes originating on Earth; the sum of all matter and energy potentially available to be transformed into life and fun.

  • Aligning an AGI adds significant development time

    Aligning an advanced AI foreseeably involves extra code and extra testing and not being able to do everything the fastest way, so it takes longer.

Parents:

  • AI alignment

    The great civilizational problem of creating artificially intelligent computer systems such that running them is a good idea.