Trit

A trit is the trinary analog of the Bit: Where a bit says 2, a trit says 3. “Trit,” like “bit,” is overloaded:

• An abstract trit (analog of the abstract bit) is an element of a set with three elements. Thus, there are three abstract trits. They are often denoted 0, 1, and 2.

• A trit of data (analog of a bit of data) is the amount of data that can be carried by a physical object that can be placed in any one of three states.

• A trit of information (analog of a shannon) is the amount of information someone receives when they start out maximally uncertain about which one of three outcomes happened, and then they learn which one happened. A trit of information is $$\log_2(3)\approx 1.58$$ bits of information.

• A trit of evidence (analog of a bit of evidence) in favor of a hypothesis is an observation that is three times as likely if the hypothesis is true (versus if the hypothesis is false).

“Trit” is a portmanteau of “trinary digit.”

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